National income in India: What’s really growing?
28 February, 2018, C.P. Chandrasekhar & Jayati Ghosh
Recent income growth in India has been dominated by sectors that do not reflect real physical output increases – such as finance, insurance and real estate and public administration and defence.
Can banking recover?
27 February, 2018, Jayati Ghosh
Recovery of the banking sector will require stricter adherence to sound banking rules and more transparency from public and private players. And most of all, this applies to the regulators themselves and the government that frames all this.
The Aging of a Growth Engine
14 February, 2018, C.P. Chandrasekhar & Jayati Ghosh
With the dollar value of exports declining, India’s software sector faces a historical crisis which may worsen, given the protectionist trends in the US and other uncertainties.
The Financialization of Finance? Demonetization and the Dubious Push to Cashlessness in India
01 February, 2018, C.P. Chandrasekhar & Jayati Ghosh
This Debate contribution describes the promotion of digital rather than cash payments as a form of the financialization of finance, in its role as a payments system, with reference to recent Indian experience. The obsession with digital transactions as a marker of social and material progress is misplaced; it may become yet another means by which finance extracts rentier incomes out of relatively poor
A Note on Estimating Income Inequality across countries using PPP Exchange Rates
01 February, 2018, Jayati Ghosh
The use of exchange rates based on Purchasing Power Parities to compare income across countries and over time has become standard practise. But there are reasons to believe this could lead to excessively inflated incomes for poor countries and in some cases also inflate the extent of real changes over time. Estimates of gross domestic product growth in Chinese and Indian economies in recent years provide examples of this.
The Other Face of Private Banking
16 January, 2018, C.P. Chandrasekhar & Jayati Ghosh
Private banks, especially foreign ones have relied on off-balance sheet liabilities to earn revenues and profits, courting risk and leaving the business of banking proper largely to the public sector banks.
The Demise of Bank Credit
02 January, 2018, C.P. Chandrasekhar & Jayati Ghosh
Growing economies generally show increasing deployment of bank credit – but in India this has been decreasing for years and recently has been almost flat. What does this suggest about the growth process and the health of the Indian economy?
The Dollar Drain
19 December, 2017, C.P. Chandrasekhar & Jayati Ghosh
A recent spike in the volume of foreign exchange outflows under the Liberalised Remittance Scheme suggests that India is vulnerable to large scale capital flight, if economic uncertainty increases.

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